AGLIONBY, William, Painting Illustrated in Three Diallogues. Containing some Choice Observations upon the Art. Together with The Lives of the Most Eminent Painters From Cimabue, to the time of Raphael and Michael Angelo. With an Explanation of the Difficult Terms, London, John Gain, 1685.2 quotations
A sort of Painting that implys the Colours mingled with Gumm. And the difference between that and Miniature, is than the one only uses the Point of the Pencil, the other gives the Pencil its whole Liberty.
Painting in Distemper, is when either the Wall or Board you Paint upon, is prepared with a certain Paste or Plaister, and then as you Work, you temper your Colours still with a Liquor made of the Yolk of an Egg, beaten with the Milk of a Figg Sprout, well ground together. This is a way of Painting, used by Antient Masters very much ; and it is a very lasting Way, there being yet things of Ghiotto’s doing upon Boards, that have lasted upwards of Two Hundred Years, and are still fresh and Beautiful. But since Oyl Painting came in, most have given over the way of Working in Distemper. Your Colours in this way are all Minerals, whereas in Working in Fresco, they must be all Earths.
It must be consider’d they [ndr : les cartons de Raphaël] were made for Patterns for Tapistry, not profess’d Pictures, and painted, not in Oil, but in Distemper : If therefore one sees not the Warmth, and Mellowness, and Delicacy of Colouring which is to be found in Correggio, Titian, or Rubens, it may fairly be imputed in a great measure to these Causes. A Judicious Painter has other Considerations relating to the Colouring when he makes Patters for Tapistry to be heightned with Gold, and Silver, than when he paints a Picture without such View ; nor can a sort of Dryness, and Harshness be avoided in Distemper, upon Paper : Time moreover has apparently chang’d some of the Colours. In a word, the Tout-Ensemble of the Colours is Agreeable, and Noble ; and the Parts of it are in General Extreamly, but not Superlatively Good.