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Thus to raise the Character : To divest an Unbred Person of his Rusticity, and give him something at least of a Gentleman ; to make one of a moderate Share of good Sense appear to have a Competency, a Wise Man to be more Wise, and a Brave Man to be more so, a Modest, Discreet Woman to have an Air something Angelical, and so of the rest ; and then to add that Joy, or Peace of Mind at least, and in such a manner as is suitable to the several Characters, is absolutely necessary to a good Face-Painter : But ‘tis the most Difficult part of his Art, and the last attain’d ; perhaps ‘tis never so much as Thought of by Some : All that They aim at is to make such a Likeness of the Face as shall be Known immediately ; and that it be Young, Fair, and Handsome ; and frequently those for whom the Pictures are made Expect no more ; whether the Characters of Wisdom, or Folly be impress’d upon them it matters not. Accordingly we see Portraits which are perfect Burlesques upon the Minds of the Persons drawn ; a Wise Man shall appear with the Air of a Fop ; a Man of Spirit, and Wit, like a Smart, or a Pretty Fellow ; a Modest Ingenious Man like a Beau ; a Virtuous Lady as a meer Coquet.

term translated by BURLESQUE in RICHARDSON, Jonathan, Traité de la Peinture, Par Mr. Richardson, le Père, Tomes I. et II. Contenant, Tome I. Un Essai sur la Théorie de la Peinture ; Tome II. Un Essai sur l'art de critiquer, en fait de Peinture ; & un Discours sur la Sience d'un Connoisseur. Traduit de l'Anglois; Revu & Corrigé par l'Auteur., trad. par RUTGERS, Antoine, Amsterdam, Herman Uytwerf, 1728, 2 vol., vol. I., p. 149-150.

Conceptual field(s)